ILO also known as International labour organisation has a highly improved and a constructive role regards to the rights of International labour. The organisation just celebrated its 100th Anniversary in 2019, i.e. three years back from today. The previous ten decades the organisation has been highly active & effective. Hence, while playing its role for the rights of labour and the working class globally. The organisation’s history not only dates back to 1919. But, also to some events just after 1910, i.e. an era of the World War I. It also has its preferences that are linked up with ‘The Great Depression’. Apart from the events of Great Depression, the creation of Solidarnosc in Poland. Finally, over apartheid in the African giant, South Africa. In recent times, the organisation is dedicated for the sake of ethical and productive framework for a fair globalisation. Moreover, as globalisation is a high level need of the current era. Hence, as well as Globalisation has been a phenomenon that is key for progress of many developed and developing economies.
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The constitution of the ILO was drafted when it came into existence, i.e. 1919 by the Labour Commission. This commission was chaired by Samuel Gompers, head of the American Federation of Labour (AFL), in the USA. A commission that was composed of the most vital economies of that time. These are countries which included USA, UK, Italy, Belgium, Japan, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France and Poland. Most of the economies are also key ones in current times, i.e. the modern ages. Also, most of these countries in the list of nine nations are a key participant in World Wars, i.e. World War I and World War II. The history and the constitution have a key & a constructive relationship. Hence, apart from the crisis of World War I.
TRANSFORMATION INTO BEING A GLOBAL ORGANISATION:
In the year 1946, the ILO became a specialised agency of the newly formed United Nations. David Morse, the American National was the Director General of ILO from 1948-1970. A period when the number of the member states doubled. Hence, as well as the period when the organisation took over its universal character. Thus, it was a period of key transformation for the global organisation that has performed many roles apart from the global initiatives. The Industrialised countries became minorities amongst the developing countries. Finally, the role of the organisation got even more detrimental and far more effective.
The ILO on part of its realisations and objectives established the Geneva-based International Institute for Labour Studies. As well as, the Int. training centre in Turin in the year 1965. It also won the Nobel Peace prize for its efforts for International Labour on its 50th Anniversary in the year 1969. A period that has started a new era in terms of the key developments.
The next Director-General of the ILO was a British national, namely Sir Wilfred Jenks. Importantly, his role in further advancing ILO internationally towards global agendas is much appreciated in the history books. In his era, the ILO advanced further in the development of standards and the mechanisms for supervision of applications. This includes particularly the promotion of freedom of association. Also, the right to organise. His successor to the throne of Director General of ILO was a Frenchman by the name of Francis Blanchard. Francis was a key player in the expansion of ILO’s technical cooperation with the developing world. The developing economies have been at a far more suffering end than the developed economies. Especially, in terms of the realisation of the rights of labour.
THE CURRENT DIRECTOR GENERAL ILO & HIS MOTO:
All these former DG’s apart from the ones after Sir Francis have been highly pivotal in playing their part in the reforms of ILO in terms of the key developments.
In May 2012, Guy Ryder from United Kingdom was elected as the tenth Director General of ILO. Furthermore, he was later re-elected for the next term in November 2016. Sir Ryder believes that decent work for everyone is possible. However, the societies have to make it happen. It’s the role of the Governments from nations to make people realise the importance of work, apart from the role of the societies. He is also the current Director General of ILO, thus making it a decade since he was first elected as Director General in 2012.
Some other key member reps. of ILO as Director Generals from around the world also includes Belgium’s Michael Hansenne and Chile’s Juan Somavia.
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FUTURE AGENDAS & ROLES FOR INTERNATIONAL LABOUR RIGHTS:
As part of its future agendas & role for the Int. labour rights. It is imperative that ILO keeps playing its part regards to the Int. developments. The rights of labour are a prime concern. This is especially true in most of the developing world. These are countries where the labour is exploited & their rights are highly ignored. Therefore, the organisation needs to realise what needs to be done on a far more globalised note. Especially, in terms of the awareness on Government level for every country. Finally, as well as providing a platform of trust for the labour in terms of the mandatory rights.